Krebs Quarter Horses, Scott City Kansas.  We breed, raise and use Ranch Horses! Krebs Quarter Horses - Breeding Success with Cooled Semen

Breeding Success with Cooled Semen
Krebs Quarter Horses

Breeding Condition  |  Choosing A Vet  |  Advanced Preparation
Shipping Containers  |  PaperWork  |  Scheduling Shipments

Thank you for considering our stallions Sky High Leo, Tex O Lena Chex, Rock On Playboy 6192 and Catillac 7630 for your mare during the 2004 breeding season. The legalization of the transport of cooled semen by the American Quarter Horse Association allows today's breeders a superior opportunity to obtain produce from a wide variety of stallions not normally available due to geographical distance. The transport of cooled semen also allows the mare owner to keep their mare in the comfort of her normal surroundings, environment and climate. 

At the farm we have not fought overwhelming climate transitions with mares that many of the stallion owners deal with further south, but find mares arriving from the south sure don't like the occasional snow the "Land of Ahs" offers intermittently during the early breeding season. The entire reason for owning stallions is due to unfortunate happenings to mares and foals at outside breeding farms years ago. Environment and the lack of natural immunity to strains of disease normally not seen in our area of the country. Regardless of an excellent vaccination program the farm, our mares' chances of conception were challenged. These are natural and unavoidable problems that even the most conscientious farm can not control. Cooled semen saves transporting expense, risk of injury and the hauling stress for mares and foals as well as extended board charges due to a mare adjusting poorly to her new environment and not cycling properly. As breeders, having semen from outside stallions shipped in to breed mares of our own and outside mares is a good solution. Previously, there was little time to transport our mares because of breeding obligations here on the farm. So it is exciting to share in the  opportunity to broaden our foundation bred herd to other excellently bred horses throughout the United States, Canada and abroad. 

What we all need to know about cooled semen: 

If the mare to receive the service is in good breeding condition, developing nice follicles and an experienced equine reproductive veterinarian or specialist is used to check and inseminate the mare, it is possible only one semen shipment will be necessary for her to conceive. Occasionally, it will take another shipment, but more than two are the exception. The overall breeding success rate with cooled semen, prepared for insemination properly, has proven to be very similar to conception rates at the actual breeding farm.

Key Factors

The breeding condition of the mare:

There are four types of mares, all with different pre-breeding requirements. 

Maiden Mares - usually the fewest reproductive problems are found in a mare that has never been serviced previously. Owners should be aware of any abnormal vaginal discharge and each mare's individual cycle. A complete reproductive ultrasound and palpation (ideally during a heat cycle) should be performed to ensure reproductive soundness previous to requesting cooled semen. To prevent added expenditures, any problems found should be addressed prior to breeding season. 

Open Mares - Mares that have delivered a foal without problems, maiden mares not delivering full term foals and/or serviced without success in previous years,  and mares that have delivered a foal and who have a known reproductive history of needed medications and/or hormones to become pregnant and maintain a pregnancy. A complete reproductive ultrasound and palpation should be performed (during a heat cycle) to ensure reproductive soundness. Any cysts, lack of uterine tone or fluids should be noted. Depending upon the findings of the exam, a uterine culture and biopsy may be necessary. To prevent added expenditures, any problems found should be addressed prior to breeding season.

Foaling Mares - My favorite in the breeding shed. Hopefully everything went according to the book during her delivery and cleaning process and she is in good physical condition,  allowing her to maintain a pregnancy while the youngster stands next to her. Mother nature tells a mare in poor flesh that she had better take care of the one beside her (sometimes at the expense of her own physical well being) and she will fail to conceive. A mare on the gain has a far better chance to conceive. 

Postpartum (after labor) exams should ensure the breeding fitness of the milking mother. It is best if this exam is done the morning following the birth. However, if the mare has had all of the recommended vaccinations during her pregnancy, the birth was normal, she cleaned quickly and completely and she and her foal are doing well,  it may be postponed for a few days. Your Veterinarian or Reproductive Specialist will advise you after the results of the exam as to the tone of the uterus (shrinking to normal size - involution), any lacerations or tears in the vaginal wall, cervical wall or uterus. Your Veterinarian may suggest the mare receive a lavage or infusion to aid in the evacuation of debris in the uterus, and wish to postpone a nine day breeding, opting for 30 day breeding service or to short cycle your mare to increase the mare's chances of conception. 

The farm encourages those choosing to utilize cooled transported semen to not service their mare on foal heat, and only on a short cycle if your Veterinarian feels the mare has the ability to conceive. In handling our own mares under ideal foaling circumstances (age is no factor), we examine the mare's placenta at cleaning, exam her vaginally to recognize tears, bruises soon after she gives birth and three days later examine the mare for involution of the uterus and cervical composure. If the mare seems to be having difficulty involuting there is usually a reason and we will lavage the mare, followed by a uterine infusion. If a mare has a history of involution problems we may perform this procedure for a couple of days. If at the first signs of heat the mare has not regained uterine tone and cervical composure, we elect to not breed our mare, opting for a short cycle or 30 day heat breeding,  of which the mare will dictate. Lack of involution is no respecter of age, in fact, older mares many times regain tone previous to a large colt delivered from a maiden mare. Each mare is an individual. 

The Barren Mare: Are you sure? Ten percent of the mares arriving at the farm yearly are called "barren mares." Many are misunderstood mares and are a special challenge. In catering to many mares and many problems, we have witnessed only 2 truly barren mares ... no longer producing viable eggs. With the advent of embryo transfer, a mare still producing viable eggs, but unable to maintain a pregnancy, is allowed a continued reproductive life by the harvesting of the embryo and allowing a recipient mare to carry the pregnancy. 

To accomplish the goal of conception with your mare there are several necessary and important factors with cooled transported semen. Your use of an experienced veterinarian, the good breeding condition of your mare, the well planned timing of the semen order/shipping/insemination, as well as the proper handling of the semen after arrival.

Choose the right Veterinarian and/or Reproduction Specialist: 

Before the arrival of the breeding or re-breeding time of your mare, you must choose an equine Veterinarian or reproductive specialist who is knowledgeable, experienced and equipped for equine reproductive work. Not all veterinarians specialize in this field. If you don't have a veterinarian with reproductive equine experience in your area, you may elect to board your mare during the breeding period at a breeding farm in your vicinity that employs an experienced equine reproductive veterinarian. Krebs Quarter Horses has chosen to limit the shipment of semen to only those mares that can be readily ultrasounded for optimum breeding time and also to ensure the presence of a single pregnancy. Thus, palpation alone is not acceptable.  Ultrasound capabilities are required.

Preparation for cooled transported semen shipment:

Before Breeding Season: Contact your veterinarian before breeding season and inform him that you have elected to use transported cooled semen for your mare. If you want to breed an open mare early, discuss with you veterinarian the possibility of starting your mare on a 16 hour light schedule in the later part of the Fall. Discuss the foaling schedule with your veterinarian if your mare is currently in foal.

Veterinarian/Specialist Exam:  At the beginning of breeding season a complete reproductive exam will insure the mare is in ideal reproductive condition. Time of this exam is dictated by the status of your mare Maiden - Open/Foaling. Have your veterinarian monitor the growth of the mare's follicles in preparation for the ordering of the cooled semen.

Timing the Order of the Semen Shipping: Your veterinarian must pre-arrange with Krebs Quarter Horses for the timing of the semen shipment. The Farm collects the stallions on an every other day basis so communication between your attending veterinarian and the farm is critical to assure live viable semen to service your mare at the proper time. There can be NO SUNDAY shipments, depending on locale, Saturday shipments can be risky.

Shipping Cost The cost of shipping semen is to be paid by the mare owner. In most cases, this cost is between $20.00 and $80.00 per shipment. After each cooled semen booking fee is received the farm begins to research the best manner of shipment to your mare's location. When your semen order comes into the farm, we request that you also pre-pay your shipping expense to avoid C.O.D. charges. Additional semen shipments will be charged separately if they become necessary.

What container are we to utilize in shipping the semen? Semen is shipped in either a light weight Lane Shipping Container or a Hamiliton Thorne Equitainer. The Farm is not requiring a deposit of $350.00 at the time of booking, for the Equitainer, or a $100.00 deposit for the Lane Container this year. However, should the container be returned to the farm in un-useable condition the mare owner will be billed for the cost of the container. All Containers are required to be insured for their return trip to Krebs Quarter Horses, the Equitainer for $350.00 and the Lane for $150.00. The Lane Shipping Containers have proven to maintain temperatures well through our testings and have been modified to house a special on board computer chip to monitor the temperature of the shipments every 2 1/2 minutes throughout the shipment. The computer chip, Hobo Monitor, will be sealed in a plastic bag within the box, and if space allows, in with the semen. We request that you do not remove the chip as it can only be read via a computer here at the farm. When we receive the shipping container back we will read the monitor to check if there were temperature fluctuations during the shipment indicating the shipment was opened by the Airlines during shipment, or that the shipment was damaged during loading. For our research records we would appreciate that you would indicate the exact time the shipment arrived and the exact time the semen was inseminated into your mare. Indicate your time zone or convert to monitor time of CST. If the shipment had no temperature fluctuations you will not be notified, if there were fluctuations we will report to you immediately and address the problem with the shipping company.

What if the mare did not conceive from the first shipment's inseminations? If your mare did not conceive, your Veterinarian must contact us for the timing of an additional shipment of semen. We will not charge another breeding fee but will charge a collection, preparation and handling fee of $150.00 for all shipments past the first shipment. 

Within the shipment you will find instructions and we will provide you with the necessary paperwork for the AQHA and APHA rules for transported cooled semen. The Association's rules in regard to DNA testing of mares and foals apply.

Enclosed in the Fed-X packing slip you will find your AQHA Paperwork, Transported Semen Pregnancy Check Form 1-2, Transported Semen Report and Evaluation and a self addressed envelope to Krebs Quarter Horses. The Transported Semen Report is for the benefit of your attending Veterinarian to aid in his decision on when your mare needs to be bred. We request the Veterinarian fill out the bottom portion for our records on the farm as to the success of a given shipment. The Pregnancy Checks are to be between 16-21 days after ovulation and on or before October 30th of the calendar year. After the completion of each exam please forward the results to Krebs Quarter Horses as soon as possible. We need to include each pregnant mare on our AQHA/APHA Stallion Breeding Report and request notice by October 30th of the current year. 

Your non refundable deposit will confirm your reservation for 2004.  Please sign and return the enclosed Cooled Semen Contract as soon as possible. Please note: much more semen is shipped to breed a mare with transported semen versus how much is used to inseminate mares boarded here at the farm. This fact limits the number of semen shipments, or even the availability of a shipment which can be collected from a stallion, especially during the busy months of the breeding season. Therefore we suggest an early reservation. Twenty mares will be accepted for each stallion for Transported Semen. Inquire during breeding season as to the availability of Transported Semen and collection days. Customer mares on the farm take precedence over Transported Semen mares. 

This appears to be a considerable amount of information, but not to worry. We will guide you through the process via timetables and checklists when your contract returns. If you have further questions, DO NOT HESITATE TO CALL US. (620) 872-5864 or fax (620) 872-5865 or E-Mail: krebs@wbsnet.org   Check the Web Site, www.KrebsQuarterHorses.com  for latest updates!

Most respectfully,

Cheri Krebs


Breeding Condition  |  Choosing A Vet  |  Advanced Preparation
Shipping Containers  |  PaperWork  |  Scheduling Shipments


Flying X 6  |  Sky High Leo  |  Tex O Lena Chex 
Rock On Playboy 6192  |  Catillac 7630 
Breeding Success with Cooled Semen
  |  Breeding Contract 
Cooled Transported Semen Contract  |  Pregnancy Check Forms 


Krebs Quarter Horses - Scott City, Kansas

Krebs Quarter Horses - We breed, raise and use ranch horses!!
  May You Always Ride an Honest, Good Horse

Cheri Krebs
5101 West Road 160 
Scott City   KS    67871

Phone / Fax 620-872-5864
E-mail: krebs@wbsnet.org


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This page was last updated on Wednesday, February 02, 2011 at 11:10 AM


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